Biofuels are liquid or gaseous, and they are used for transport purposes. Biofuels include bioethanol and biodiesel. Bioliquids, such as pyrolysis oil, are liquid fuels made for energy purposes other than transport (e.g. heating).
Biofuels and bioliquids are made from biomass. Biomass refers to the biodegradable parts of products, waste and remains of biological origin, originating in agriculture, forestry and related lines of production as well as fishing and aquaculture, and the biodegradable components in industrial and municipal waste.
Biofuels and bioliquids must fulfil the sustainability criteria set at EU level. The Act on biofuels and bioliquids (393/2013) includes provisions on EU sustainability criteria and the methods used in verifying compliance with the criteria.
Under the Act on the promotion of the use of biofuels for transport (446/2007), a distributor of transport fuels liable to pay tax must distribute biofuels for consumption. By 2020, the percentage that the energy content of biofuels must account for will steadily increase to 20 per cent of the total energy content of the petrol, diesel oil and biofuels delivered by the distributor for consumption (distribution obligation). The biofuels included in the distribution obligation must meet the EU sustainability criteria.
Further information. jukka.saarinen(at)tem.fi or anja.liukko(at)tem.fi