Close international cooperation

The Ministry of Economic Affairs and Employment (MEAE) represents Finland in the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom), the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and the OECD’s Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA).

Euratom was established in 1957 to promote the peaceful use of nuclear energy in Europe. It has similar legislative powers as the European Union. As part of Euratom’s activities, EU countries have adopted various regulations and directives concerning, for example, radiation and nuclear safety and the control of nuclear material.

The IAEA is an independent organisation operating under the United Nations. Its key tasks include monitoring compliance with the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), promoting radiation and nuclear safety, and supporting the peaceful use of nuclear energy by providing technical assistance. IAEA member states have adopted conventions on, for example, nuclear safety, nuclear waste and the physical protection of nuclear material.

The NEA is one of the specialised agencies of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). Its aim is to assist its member countries, through international cooperation, to maintain and further develop the technological and legal bases required for the safe and environmentally friendly use of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes.

Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty signed by 189 countries

The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) entered into force in 1970. Its aim is to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons outside the five original nuclear weapon states – the United States, Russia, the United Kingdom, France and China. Other objectives include furthering the goal of nuclear disarmament and promoting the peaceful use of nuclear energy. The NPT has been signed by 189 countries, while India, Pakistan and Israel have not joined the Treaty.

Finland is also involved in international cooperation aiming to improve nuclear safety in its neighbouring areas. This cooperation is mainly carried out by the Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority (STUK), which has coordinated and carried out projects to improve the Leningrad and Kola nuclear power plants and supported the Russian nuclear safety authority. The activities are funded by the Ministry for Foreign Affairs.

Further information: liisa.heikinheimo(at) or jorma.aurela(at)