Everything considered in nuclear energy legislation

The purpose of nuclear energy legislation is to ensure that the use of nuclear energy is in line with the overall good of society. The use of nuclear energy must also be safe for both man and the environment, and it may not promote the spread of nuclear weapons.

Finnish nuclear energy legislation is based on the Nuclear Energy Act (990/1987) and the Nuclear Energy Decree (161/1988) that are constantly kept up to date. Detailed provisions, the regulatory guides published by the Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority (STUK) and supervision ensure that the objectives of legislation are achieved.

The use of nuclear energy requires a licence. The legislation lays down various obligations for operators carrying out activities requiring a licence. For example, operators must ensure that the use of nuclear energy is safe and manage the nuclear waste they have generated. The fulfilment of these obligations is supervised by STUK and the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Employment.

The use and supervision of nuclear energy are regulated by several international agreements. Finland’s national nuclear energy legislation fulfils the country’s international commitments. The European Union regulates the nuclear energy sector through the Euratom Treaty.

Information on the principles and legislation concerning the use of harmful radiation is available on the STUK website and the Radiation Act (592/1991).

Further Information: outi.slant(at)tem.fi