New solutions proposed for disputes over collective agreement choices
A report commissioned by Minister of Employment Tuula Haatainen identifies reasons and possible solutions for disputes over the choice of collective agreements. The aim is to maintain industrial peace and to prevent and resolve labour disputes. Among other things, the rapporteurs propose a new voluntary conciliation procedure. The preparation of the proposals will continue in a tripartite working group.
In disputes over the choice of collective agreements, an employer and an employee cannot agree on which collective agreement should be applied to the work carried out by the employee.
According to the report, such disputes arise when
- there is a choice of applicable collective agreements
- the employer is required to commit to a new collective agreement
- the employer reorganises
- trade unions merge or change their organisational policy objectives, or
- the labour market is undergoing a transformation otherwise.
In order to determine the reasons for the disputes, labour market operators were interviewed for the report. The report was written by Minna Etu-Seppälä (Master of Laws, trained on the bench) and Simo Zitting (Master of Laws).
“I would like to thank the rapporteurs for their thorough work and concrete proposals. This is a good basis for further preparations. We have an ambitious goal, but it is within reach. We want to offer better means to prevent and solve disputes over the choice of collective agreements,” Haatainen says.
A greater role for voluntary conciliation and consultation of parties
The rapporteurs’ proposals can be divided into three groups.
The first proposals concern the development of the labour dispute mediation mechanism and the National Conciliator’s tasks. The rapporteurs propose the creation of a voluntary mediation process, alongside the current system where conciliation is based on notice of industrial action. It would apply to disputes over the choice of collective agreements and other labour disputes. The National Conciliator would be required to start conciliation at the request of one or multiple parties also in situations, where there is no threat or risk of industrial action.
Second, the rapporteurs propose changes to the consultation procedure in the Labour Court. According to the proposal, the legislation should be amended so that if claims for the application of a collective agreement other than the one mentioned in the claim were made during the court proceedings, the parties to the collective agreement concerned would be given an opportunity to be heard in the matter.
Third, in order to prevent disruptions in industrial peace linked to the collective agreement disputes, the rapporteurs propose clarifying the use of condition that a collective agreement, or parts of it, only apply to the members of an organisation that is party to the agreement.
New tripartite working group to continue preparation of proposals
Minister of Employment Haatainen will appoint a new tripartite working group to prepare the rapporteurs’ proposals.
“These concrete proposals provide a good foundation for further work with the labour market organisations. In particular, the condition that an agreement only applies to the members of an organisation should be clarified in cooperation,” Haatainen adds.
Iiris Niinikoski, Special Adviser to the Minister of Employment, tel. +358 295 047 372
Katariina Tirri, Senior Specialist, Ministry of Economic Affairs and Employment, tel. +358 295 047 180