Energy efficiency of products

In the European Union, the energy efficiency of products is enhanced in two ways. On one hand, the manufacturing of products is regulated by ecodesign requirements that products must fulfil to be allowed to be placed on the EU market. On the other hand, energy labels are attached to products, e.g. on refrigerator doors, to help consumers choose energy efficient products.

Ecodesign requirements and energy labelling significantly reduce the overall consumption of energy in Finland and in Europe. The European Commission has estimated that these measures will save a total of 1,900 TWh of energy by 2020, an amount equivalent to the annual consumption of Italy.

Requirements set by product group

The energy efficiency of products is regulated in the EU by the Ecodesign Directive and the Energy Labelling Regulation. They have been implemented in Finland through the Ecodesign Act (1005/2008) and the Ecodesign Decree (1043/2010). The Ecodesign Directive and the Energy Labelling Regulation are implemented through product-group specific regulations, directly applicable in all EU countries.

The process of regulating individual product groups is managed by the European Commission. EU countries and stakeholders are also involved in the process. The preparation processes and EU countries’ influence over the contents of provisions differ between ecodesign requirements and energy labelling, but Finland is actively involved in the work in both cases.


Further information: pekka.karpanen(at)