Renewable Energy in Finland
Finland is one of the world leaders in the utilisation of renewable sources of energy, especially bioenergy. The key target in promoting renewable energy is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and move away from the energy system that is based on fossil fuels. Use of renewable energy also improves our energy self-sufficiency and employment and supports the development of technologies in the sector.
In Finland renewable energy sources represent about 40 per cent of energy end-consumption. The aim set in the National Energy and Climate Strategy to 2030 is to increase the use of renewable energy so that during the 2020s its share in energy end-consumption rises to more than 50 per cent.
The most important forms of renewable energy used in Finland are bioenergy, fuels from forest industry side streams and other wood-based fuels in particular, hydropower, wind power and ground heat. Bioenergy is also generated from biodegradable waste and side streams of agriculture and industrial production and from municipal waste. Solar electricity has a growing role especially where on-site energy generation substitutes for energy bought from the grid. Solar heating is used as a supplement to the main heating system.
EU’s renewable energy targets and legislation
The EU target is to raise the share of renewable energy sources to 20 per cent of energy end-consumption by 2020. The target has been divided among the Member States so that the binding target set for Finland in the Renewable Energy Directive (RES) 2009/28/EC is 38 per cent. In October 2014 the European Council set the binding target for renewable energy sources in the whole EU at 27% by 2030. This target has not been divided between the Member States. In November 2016 the Commission gave a proposal for a new Renewable Energy Directive (RED II) that creates a framework for promoting renewable energy to 2030. The proposal is now in the European Parliament and Council.
Further information: pekka.gronlund(at)tem.fi
anja.liukko(at)tem.fi: Legislation on renewable energy
jukka.saarinen(at)tem.fi and harri.hillamo(at)tem.fi: Renewable Energy Directive