Nuclear energy legislation guarantees safe use of nuclear energy

The purpose of nuclear energy legislation is to ensure that the use of nuclear energy is in line with the overall good of society. The use of nuclear energy must also be safe for both man and the environment, and it may not promote the spread of nuclear weapons.

Legal basis of the use of nuclear energy consist of the Nuclear Energy Act (990/1987) and the Nuclear Energy Decree (161/1988). Detailed provisions, the guidelines published by the Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority (STUK) and supervision ensure that the objectives of legislation for the safe use of nuclear energy are achieved.

The use of nuclear energy always requires a licence. The legislation lays down various obligations for operators carrying out activities requiring a licence. For example, operators must ensure that the use of nuclear energy is safe and manage the nuclear waste they have generated.  The fulfilment of these obligations is supervised by STUK and the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Employment.

The use and supervision of nuclear energy are regulated by several international agreements.  Finland’s national nuclear energy legislation fulfils the country’s international commitments. The European Union regulates the nuclear energy sector through the Euratom Treaty.

Matters concerning harmful radiation work and radiation safety are prescribed in the Radiation Act (592/1991). The Radiation Act is also partially applied to the use of nuclear energy  Further information on this subject can be found from the website of the National Radiation and Nuclear Authority (STUK).

Further Information: outi.slant(at)