Key legislation

EU competition law

  • Articles 101 and 102 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union
  • Council Regulation (EC) No 1/2003  on the implementation of the rules on competition laid down in Articles 81 and 82 of the Treaty

Regulations on vertical cooperation between companies:

  • Block Exemption Regulation concerning vertical agreements (330/2010) and guidelines
  • Block Exemption Regulation concertning vertical agreements in the motor vehicle sector (461/2010) 

Regulations on horizontal cooperation between companies:

  • Block Exemption Regulation concerning research and development agreements (1217/2010)
  • Block Exemption Regulation concerning specialisation agreements (1218/2010)
  • Guidelines for horizontal cooperation
  • Block Exemption Regulation concerning technology transfer agreements (316/2014)

Supervision of mergers and acquisitions:

  • Council Regulation (EC) No 139/2004 on the control of concentrations between undertakings (the EC Merger Regulation)

Powers of antitrust enforcement:

  • Directive (EU) 2019/1 of the European Parliament and of the Council to empower the competition authorities of the Member States to be more effective enforcers and to ensure the proper functioning of the internal market (the ECN+ Directive)

Compensation for damages under competition law:

  • Directive 2014/104/EU on certain rules governing actions for damages under national law for infringements of the competition law provisions of the Member States and of the European Union

The website of the European Commission's Directorate-Genergal for Competition

National legislation

Compensation for damages under competition law

Powers of antitrust enforcement (Implementation of ECN+ Directive)

Nordic Agreement on cooperation in competition cases

Merger control, notification threshold

Further details: virve.haapajarvi(at) and iiro.ihanamaki(at)