Bilateral agreements complement international conventions

The Finnish nuclear energy industry is heavily dependent on imports. Finland has no production of nuclear fuel or industry manufacturing the key systems and components used in the nuclear energy sector.

Bilateral agreements promote cooperation between Finland and its partner countries regarding research on the use of nuclear energy, the transfer of equipment, technology and nuclear material between the countries, and the promotion of nuclear and radiation safety.

In the nuclear energy sector, most supplier countries make cooperation and deliveries subject to the condition that they and the receiving country have a treaty laying down detailed provisions on compliance with international conventions and various international recommendations in their bilateral relations. Finland is party to all relevant international nuclear conventions.

Finland has made bilateral cooperation agreements on nuclear energy matters with, for example, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Russia, Ukraine, Germany, Sweden, Denmark, Norway and the United Kingdom.

Further information: liisa.heikinheimo(at)